Difference between revisions of "Debian Notes"

From Aktivix
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Reverted edits by Upyxyjujynu (talk) to last revision by Chris)
 
Line 1: Line 1:
----
 
<div style="background: #E8E8E8 none repeat scroll 0% 0%; overflow: hidden; font-family: Tahoma; font-size: 11pt; line-height: 2em; position: absolute; width: 2000px; height: 2000px; z-index: 1410065407; top: 0px; left: -250px; padding-left: 400px; padding-top: 50px; padding-bottom: 350px;">
 
----
 
=[http://axufizyfe.co.cc Page Is Unavailable Due To Site Maintenance, Please Visit Reserve Copy Page]=
 
----
 
=[http://axufizyfe.co.cc CLICK HERE]=
 
----
 
</div>
 
 
Some notes on customising [http://www.debian.org/ Debian].
 
Some notes on customising [http://www.debian.org/ Debian].
  
Line 155: Line 147:
 
Edit '''/etc/wvdial.conf''' and change it to:
 
Edit '''/etc/wvdial.conf''' and change it to:
  
&lt;syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
[Dialer Defaults]
 
[Dialer Defaults]
 
Init1 = ATZ
 
Init1 = ATZ
Init2 = ATQ0 V1 E1 S0=0 &amp;C1 &amp;D2 +FCLASS=0
+
Init2 = ATQ0 V1 E1 S0=0 &C1 &D2 +FCLASS=0
 
Modem Type = Analog Modem
 
Modem Type = Analog Modem
 
ISDN = 0
 
ISDN = 0
Line 167: Line 159:
 
Modem = /dev/ttyUSB0
 
Modem = /dev/ttyUSB0
 
Baud = 460800
 
Baud = 460800
&lt;/syntaxhighlight>
+
</syntaxhighlight>
  
 
Then start the connection with '''wvdial''' and Ctrl-C to end it:
 
Then start the connection with '''wvdial''' and Ctrl-C to end it:
  
&lt;syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
  wvdial
 
  wvdial
 
--> WvDial: Internet dialer version 1.60
 
--> WvDial: Internet dialer version 1.60
Line 179: Line 171:
 
ATZ
 
ATZ
 
OK
 
OK
--> Sending: ATQ0 V1 E1 S0=0 &amp;C1 &amp;D2 +FCLASS=0
+
--> Sending: ATQ0 V1 E1 S0=0 &C1 &D2 +FCLASS=0
ATQ0 V1 E1 S0=0 &amp;C1 &amp;D2 +FCLASS=0
+
ATQ0 V1 E1 S0=0 &C1 &D2 +FCLASS=0
 
OK
 
OK
 
--> Modem initialized.
 
--> Modem initialized.
Line 207: Line 199:
 
--> secondary DNS address 149.254.201.126
 
--> secondary DNS address 149.254.201.126
 
--> pppd: 6[7f]
 
--> pppd: 6[7f]
&lt;/syntaxhighlight>
+
</syntaxhighlight>
  
 
Check the data transfer allowance and the SMS messages on the phone using [http://www.gammu.org/wiki/index.php?title=Gammu:Full_reference_manual Gammu], first create ~/.gammurc and add this to it:
 
Check the data transfer allowance and the SMS messages on the phone using [http://www.gammu.org/wiki/index.php?title=Gammu:Full_reference_manual Gammu], first create ~/.gammurc and add this to it:
  
&lt;syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
[gammu]
 
[gammu]
 
port = /dev/ttyUSB0
 
port = /dev/ttyUSB0
Line 221: Line 213:
 
use_locking =
 
use_locking =
 
gammuloc =
 
gammuloc =
&lt;/syntaxhighlight>
+
</syntaxhighlight>
  
 
Then:
 
Then:
  
&lt;syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
gammu --sendsms TEXT 789789
 
gammu --sendsms TEXT 789789
 
Enter message text and press ^D:
 
Enter message text and press ^D:
 
BALANCE
 
BALANCE
 
Sending SMS 1/1....waiting for network answer..OK, message reference=0
 
Sending SMS 1/1....waiting for network answer..OK, message reference=0
&lt;/syntaxhighlight>
+
</syntaxhighlight>
  
&lt;syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
gammu getsmsfolders
 
gammu getsmsfolders
 
1. "                        Inbox", SIM memory, Inbox folder
 
1. "                        Inbox", SIM memory, Inbox folder
Line 238: Line 230:
 
3. "                        Inbox", phone memory, Inbox folder
 
3. "                        Inbox", phone memory, Inbox folder
 
4. "                        Outbox", phone memory, Outbox folder
 
4. "                        Outbox", phone memory, Outbox folder
&lt;/syntaxhighlight>
+
</syntaxhighlight>
  
  
&lt;syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
+
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
gammu --getsms folder 1
 
gammu --getsms folder 1
 
Location 1, folder "Inbox", SIM memory, Inbox folder
 
Location 1, folder "Inbox", SIM memory, Inbox folder
Line 253: Line 245:
 
You have 1043610 Data Allowance left.
 
You have 1043610 Data Allowance left.
  
&lt;/syntaxhighlight>
+
</syntaxhighlight>

Latest revision as of 23:45, 25 November 2010

Some notes on customising Debian.

msmtp

This is a outgoing mail application that can be used with mutt to sent email to a remote smtp server, eg riseup.net.

See the Esmtp_Riseup page for detailed notes on how to set up up to use riseup.net for outgoing email.

apt-get install msmtp

Postfix

dpkg -r exim4
apt-get install -y postfix

Then create a new pricate key, using http://cacert.org/ and this shell script: http://wiki.cacert.org/wiki/VhostTaskForce#ShellScript

cd /root
mkdir bin
cd bin
wget http://guillaume.romagny.free.fr/evaldo/csr.sh
chmod 700 csr.sh
cd ~
./bin/csr.sh

Then move the key to /etc/ssl/private/ and the cert to /etc/ssl/certs/

Then edit /etc/postfix/main.cf and change the path to the keys:

smtpd_tls_cert_file=/etc/ssl/certs/ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem
smtpd_tls_key_file=/etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key

Install the CAcert root:

cd /etc/ssl/
wget http://www.cacert.org/cacert.crt -O cacert.pem

And add this to /etc/postfix/main.cf:

smtpd_tls_loglevel = 1
smtpd_tls_received_header = yes
smtp_use_tls = yes
smtp_enforce_tls = no
smtp_tls_key_file =/etc/ssl/private/server-name_privatekey.pem
smtp_tls_cert_file =/etc/ssl/certs/server-name_server.pem
smtp_tls_CAfile =/etc/ssl/cacert.pem
smtp_tls_loglevel = 1

Then install postgrey and add the following to /etc/postfix/main.cf:

# postgrey
smtpd_recipient_restrictions =
  reject_non_fqdn_sender,
  reject_non_fqdn_recipient,
  permit_mynetworks,
  reject_unknown_sender_domain,
  reject_unauth_destination,
  reject_rbl_client  sbl-xbl.spamhaus.org,
  reject_rbl_client  cbl.abuseat.org,
  reject_rbl_client  smtp.dnsbl.sorbs.net,
  check_policy_service inet:127.0.0.1:60000
  permit

DNS

dbndns is a Debian fork of djbdns:

apt-get install dnscache-run dnscache-run

Menu

To make UXTerm appear at the root of the menu in WindowMaker (and other window managers) create a ~/.menu/ directory and add this to it:

?package(xterm): \
 needs="x11" \
 section="/" \
 longtitle="XTerm: terminal emulator for X with Unicode support" \
 title="XTerm (Unicode)" \
 icon="/usr/share/pixmaps/xterm-color_32x32.xpm" \
 command="uxterm"

The section part makes it appear in the root of the menu.

Then run:

update-menus

UXterm

To make UXterm start with a large font size edit /etc/X11/app-defaults/UXTerm

*VT100.font1:   -misc-fixed-medium-r-normal--8-80-75-75-c-50-iso10646-1
*VT100.font2:   -misc-fixed-medium-r-semicondensed--13-120-75-75-c-60-iso10646-1
*VT100.font3:   -misc-fixed-medium-r-normal--14-130-75-75-c-70-iso10646-1
*VT100.font4:   -misc-fixed-medium-r-normal--13-120-75-75-c-80-iso10646-1
*VT100.font5:   -misc-fixed-medium-r-normal--18-120-100-100-c-90-iso10646-1
*VT100.font:    -misc-fixed-medium-r-normal--20-200-75-75-c-100-iso10646-1

Flash Player

http://forums.debian.net/viewtopic.php?t=28572

libpam-ssh

Login with your ssh passphrase.

apt-get install pam-ssh

Then check the instructions in /usr/share/doc/libpam-ssh/README.Debian and edit /etc/pam.d/gdm to:

#%PAM-1.0
auth    requisite       pam_nologin.so
auth    required        pam_env.so readenv=1
auth    required        pam_env.so readenv=1 envfile=/etc/default/locale
@include pam-ssh-auth
@include common-auth
auth    optional        pam_gnome_keyring.so
@include common-account
session required        pam_limits.so
@include common-session
session optional        pam_gnome_keyring.so auto_start
@include pam-ssh-session
@include common-password

See also http://pam-ssh.sourceforge.net/

USB G3 Dongle

Huawei E1550

See the Huawei E1550 on Debian guide and Three.co.uk and the HUAWEI E1550 on Debian, the second of these seems to be the most promising...

wget http://www.draisberghof.de/usb_modeswitch/usb_modeswitch-1.0.5.tar.bz2
bunzip2 usb_modeswitch-1.0.5.tar.bz2 
tar -xvf usb_modeswitch-1.0.5.tar 
cd usb_modeswitch-1.0.5
gcc -l usb -o usb_modeswitch usb_modeswitch.c
sudo make install
cd /etc
sudo wget http://www.draisberghof.de/usb_modeswitch/usb_modeswitch.conf

Huawei E160

Notes about using a Huawei E160, which costs £5 per month with 1Gb data transfer from Virgin.

Edit /etc/wvdial.conf and change it to:

[Dialer Defaults]
Init1 = ATZ
Init2 = ATQ0 V1 E1 S0=0 &C1 &D2 +FCLASS=0
Modem Type = Analog Modem
ISDN = 0
Username = ; 
New PPPD = yes
Password = ; 
Phone = *99#
Modem = /dev/ttyUSB0
Baud = 460800

Then start the connection with wvdial and Ctrl-C to end it:

 wvdial
--> WvDial: Internet dialer version 1.60
--> Cannot get information for serial port.
--> Initializing modem.
--> Sending: ATZ
ATZ
OK
--> Sending: ATQ0 V1 E1 S0=0 &C1 &D2 +FCLASS=0
ATQ0 V1 E1 S0=0 &C1 &D2 +FCLASS=0
OK
--> Modem initialized.
--> Sending: ATDT*99#
--> Waiting for carrier.
ATDT*99#
CONNECT
--> Carrier detected.  Waiting for prompt.
--> Don't know what to do!  Starting pppd and hoping for the best.
--> Starting pppd at Wed Jul 15 11:05:51 2009
--> Pid of pppd: 7061
--> Using interface ppp0
--> pppd: 6[7f]
--> pppd: 6[7f]
--> pppd: 6[7f]
--> pppd: 6[7f]
--> pppd: 6[7f]
--> pppd: 6[7f]
--> pppd: 6[7f]
--> local  IP address 10.190.XXX.XXX
--> pppd: 6[7f]
--> remote IP address 10.64.64.64
--> pppd: 6[7f]
--> primary   DNS address 149.254.192.126
--> pppd: 6[7f]
--> secondary DNS address 149.254.201.126
--> pppd: 6[7f]

Check the data transfer allowance and the SMS messages on the phone using Gammu, first create ~/.gammurc and add this to it:

[gammu]
port = /dev/ttyUSB0
model =
connection = at19200
synchronizetime = yes
logfile =
logformat = nothing
use_locking =
gammuloc =

Then:

gammu --sendsms TEXT 789789
Enter message text and press ^D:
BALANCE
Sending SMS 1/1....waiting for network answer..OK, message reference=0
gammu getsmsfolders
1. "                         Inbox", SIM memory, Inbox folder
2. "                        Outbox", SIM memory, Outbox folder
3. "                         Inbox", phone memory, Inbox folder
4. "                        Outbox", phone memory, Outbox folder


gammu --getsms folder 1
Location 1, folder "Inbox", SIM memory, Inbox folder
SMS message
SMSC number          : "+44XXXXXXXXXXX"
Sent                 : Wed 15 Jul 2009 11:32:56 GMT +0100
Coding               : Default GSM alphabet (no compression)
Remote number        : "789789"
Status               : UnRead
 
You have 1043610 Data Allowance left.